The bacteria in plaque cause periodontal disease. Plaque is a clear and sticky substance that our mouth constantly produces and can be easily removed with regular brushing and flossing. Once plaque builds up, the chances for disease increase. There are two main types of gum illness:
- Gingivitis: Gums get swollen, red and may bleed easily. This is considered a mild stage of disease and generally, patients can make a full recovery.
- Periodontitis: When gingivitis is untreated, it can become periodontitis, which means the disease has spread to the bone and ligaments supporting your teeth. Some damage will be permanent.
Diagnosis and Symptoms
Only a licensed dental professional can definitively diagnose gum disease, especially in the earlier stages. However, if you have some of the following symptoms, you may want to consult with your dentist:
- Constant bad breath
- Tender and/or bleeding gums
- Swelling or redness
- Pain during chewing
The treatment regimen will depend entirely on the details of a specific case. Medications and surgeries may be required for the most advanced cases. Across the board, patients will likely be asked to change their oral care routine and practice daily preventative measures. For instance, your doctor may ask you to quit smoking or use a special mouth rinse.
Call Your Periodontist Today
If you or a loved one may have periodontal disease, you should consult with a dental professional immediately. For more information on treatment options, call Dr. Raymond A. Kenzik at 386-672-9440 to set up an appointment and discuss what is best for you.